Google has failed in its latest attempt to appeal against the Russian competition for the mobile operating system.
The verdict was criticized Google to demand
the smart phone manufacturers to pre-load many applications it along with its Android operating system.
Google had challenged the decision on the basis of the manufacturers
can develop their own versions of Android or pre-install other applications of their choice.
It is now facing 438m rubles ($ 6.8M, £ 5.2M) fine.
Federal anti-monopoly department (FAS) originally ruled
against the US company in 2015, after a complaint by the Russian search engine Yandex.
“We are convinced that the implementation of the report will enable the development of competition in the mobile software market in Russia,” in a statement last week, when it announced the size of the penalty.
FAS said that in spite of protests by Google,
it is believed that the company is already “ban”
and pre-installation of applications from rivals.
Google challenged the decision in the Ninth Moscow Arbitration Court of Appeals,
after being rejected by a lower court in March.
The European Commission also accused the company of violating competition law in the European Union,
which requires Android phones to YouTube,
Google Maps, Toys Store and other proprietary applications pre-loaded.
If found guilty, Google could be fined up to $ 7.4bn,
which represents 10% of it annual global sales.
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