President Barack Obama has ended the longstanding policy
Old policy from 20 years old to allow Cuban migrants who reach US territory to become legal residents permanently after year.
In contrast, Havana agreed to start accepting Cubans who have turned away or deported from the United States.
Many Cubans in the United States and Washington says reward system that failed to address the concerns relating to human rights.
But President Obama is seeking to continue to improve relations with Cuba in recent days from office.
He said: “With this change, we will continue to welcome the Cubans and we welcome immigrants from other countries, consistent with our laws.”
In a statement on state television, the Cuban government hailed the move as “an important step in the development of relations ” between the United States and Cuba.
It is not clear where the relations between the two countries will go far.
Obama’s successor, President-elect Donald Trump,
has taken a much more hard-line stance, and can reflect this change.
So far, this so-called “wet feet and dry foot” has been applied only to Cubans policy.
Other immigrants who come to the United States without a visa can be arrested and deported.
Extraordinary period of change: Analysis Will Grant, Havana
There were two key parts of Washington’s policy toward Cuba in decades – a carrot and a stick.
The stick is the US economic embargo on the island – which can not be removed without the consent of Congress.
But the islands that have been dangled before the Cubans the right to private immigration known as the “wet foot, dry foot”.
Under this policy, Cubans who manage to get on the foot dry and one on US soil have the right of residence without a visa and can apply for citizenship.
The Cuban government blames on the scale of the brain drain on the island and to encourage thousands of people to risk their lives every year in an attempt to make it to the United States on rickety boats.
In the United States itself, it has also angered other Latin American lobbyists who feel that the policy unfairly favors Cubans and give them an immigration status is well above that of other Hispanics.
In the latest wave of Cubans trying to reach the United States are economic migrants like any other country in the region,
as they say, not political refugees.
With the recent thaw in relations between Washington and Havana,
and always seemed likely that the policy has a few days – why provide an additional incentive for the people of Cuba to escape the communist island if it’s no longer your enemy?
The Obama administration’s decision to remove this measure for a long time and probably the last act in an extraordinary period of change in the era of the outgoing president.
Said Felice Gorordo, a Cuban-American from Miami and employee Obama’s former White House,
told this was an important step in the normalization process and a bold step by the President.
“Cuba will forever be an integral part of the heritage of President Obama and I think he wants to leave office with the knowledge that he has not made as much progress in his power to help determine a new chapter with the Cuban people.”
Said Florida Senator Bill Nelson: “I think that to change this policy outdated – in order to be fair to everyone and also to prevent people from abusing the system – is the right thing to do.”
But Miami Mayor Tomas Regalado, the Cuban exile,
Obama criticized President Castro to give a parting gift.
“This is just going away present from Obama to Raul Castro,” he said.
No, Mr. Regalado does not believe termination of this policy will slow down the flow of Cubans coming to the United States.
All it does, he says, is to throw the process into question.
“The question now is what will happen when the Cubans arrive in the Florida Keys and cross the border?”